A better, fairer Ethiopia free of hate, Prejudice and discrimination
Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile Selassie (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by
bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000.
In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission remotely demarcated the border by geographical coordinates, but final demarcation of the boundary on the ground is currently on hold because of Ethiopian objections to an international commission's finding requiring it to surrender territory considered sensitive to Ethiopia.
Geography:Unrecognized Guid format.
Location :- Eastern africa,west of Somalia Coordinates: 800N, 38 00E Area : total= 1,104,300 sq km country comparison to the world: 27 land: 1 million sq km water: 104,300 sq km Boundaries : total: 5,328 km border countries: Djibouti 349 km, Eritrea 912 km, Kenya 861km Somalia1,600 km, Sudan 1,606 km Coast line : 0(land locked) Climate : tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation Terrain : high plateau with central mountain range divided by Great rift valley Elevation extremes: lowest point- Danakil Depression -125 highest point- Ras Dejen 4,533 Natural resources :Small reserves of gold ,platinum,copper,potash natural gas,hydropower Natural hazards :geologically active Great rift valley susceptible to earth quakes, volcanic eruptions ;frequent droughts volcanism: Ethiopia experiences volcanic activity in the Great Rift Valley; Erta Ale (elev. 613 m, 2,011 ft), which has caused frequent lava flows in recent years, is the country's most active volcano; Dabbahu became active in 2005, causing evacuations; other historically active volcanoes include Alayta, Dalaffilla, Dallol, Dama Ali, Fentale, Kone, Manda Hararo, and Manda-Inakir
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)
0-14 years: 46.1% (male 19,596,784/female 19,688,887)
15-64 years: 51.2% (male 21,376,495/female 22,304,812)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 975,923/female 1,294,437) (2010 est.
Net migration: -0.02 migrant(s)/1,000 populationcountry comparison to the world: 119
note: repatriation of Ethiopian refugees residing in Sudan is expected to continue for several years; some Sudanese, Somali, and Eritrean refugees, who fled to Ethiopia from the fighting or famine in their own countries, continue to return to their homes (2010 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2010 est.)
Total fertility rate : 6.07 children born/woman (2010 est.)country
comparison to the world: 8
Hiv/Aids adult prevalence rate:2.1% (2007 est.)country comparison to the world: 31
Ethnic groups :Oromo 34.5%, Amara 26.9%, Somalie 6.2%, Tigraway
6.1%, Sidama 4%, Guragie 2.5%, Welaita 2.3%, Hadiya
1.7%, Affar 1.7%, Gamo 1.5%, Gedeo 1.3%, other 11.3%
Languages :Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna (official) 6.1%,
Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%, Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna
1.7%, other 14.8%, English (official) (major foreign language
taught in schools), Arabic (official) (1994 census
Unrecognized Guid format.
Country name : conventional long form: Federal Democratic Republic of
conventional short form: Ethiopia
local long form: Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
local short form: Ityop'iya
former: Abyssinia, Italian East Africa
9 ethnically based states (kililoch, singular - kilil) and 2 self-governing
administrations* (astedaderoch, singular - astedader); Adis Abeba*
(Addis Ababa), Afar, Amara (Amhara), Binshangul Gumuz, Dire
Dawa*, Gambela Hizboch (Gambela Peoples), Hareri Hizb (Harari
People), Oromiya (Oromia), Sumale (Somali), Tigray, Ye Debub
Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch (Southern Nations, Nationalities and
based on civil law; currently transitional mix of national and regional
courts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red, with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; green represents hope and the fertility of the land, yellow symbolizes justice and harmony, while red stands for sacrifice and heroism in the defense of the land; the blue of the disk symbolizes peace and the pentagram represents the unity and equality of the nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia
note: Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the three main colors of her flag (adopted ca. 1895) were so often adopted by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the Pan-African colors; the emblem in the center of the current flag was added in 1996.
Unrecognized Guid format.
Ethiopia's poverty-stricken economy is based on agriculture, accounting for about 45% of GDP, and 85% of total employment. The agricultural sector suffers from frequent drought and poor cultivation practices. Coffee is critical to the Ethiopian economy with exports of some $350 million in 2006, but historically low prices have seen many farmers switching to qat to supplement income. The war with Eritrea in 1998-2000 and recurrent drought have buffeted the economy in particular coffee production. In November 2001, Ethiopia qualified for debt relief from the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative, and in December 2005 the IMF forgave Ethiopia's debt. Under Ethiopia's constitution, the state owns all land and provides long-term leases to the tenants; the system continues to hamper growth in the industrial sector as entrepreneurs are unable to use land as collateral for loans. Drought struck again late in 2002, leading to a 3.3% decline in GDP in 2003. Although GDP growth has since rebounded, soaring commodity prices in 2007 and 2008 and the global economic downturn led to balance of payments pressures, partially alleviated by recent emergency funding from the IMF.
cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, qat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Current account ballace:
-$2.243 billion (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 150
-$1.806 billion (2008 est)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$1.781 billion (31 December 2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 119
$870.5 million (31 December 2008 est.)
birr (ETB) per US dollar - 11.86 (2009), 9.57 (2008), 8.96
(2007), 8.69 (2006), 8.68 (2005)
note: since 24 October 2001, exchange rates are determined on a daily
basis via interbank transactions regulated by the Central Bank
Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF): Ground Forces, Ethiopian Air
Force (ETAF) (2010)
note: Ethiopia is landlocked and has no navy; following the secession of
Eritrea, Ethiopian naval facilities remained in Eritrean possession
Military service age and obligation:
18 years of age for voluntary military service; no compulsory military
service, but the military can conduct call-ups when necessary and
compliance is compulsory (2009)
Transnational issuesDisputes - international
Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by the 2002 Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission's (EEBC) delimitation decision, but neither party responded to the revised line detailed in the November 2006 EEBC Demarcation Statement; the undemarcated former British administrative line has little meaning as a political separation to rival clans within Ethiopia's Ogaden and southern Somalia's Oromo region; Ethiopian forces invaded southern Somalia and routed Islamist Courts from Mogadishu in January 2007; "Somaliland" secessionists provide port facilities in Berbera and trade ties to landlocked Ethiopia; civil unrest in eastern Sudan has hampered efforts to demarcate the porous boundary with Ethiopia
Refugees and internally displaced people:
refugees (country of origin): 66,980 (Sudan); 16,576 (Somalia); 13,078 (Eritrea)
IDPs: 200,000 (border war with Eritrea from 1998-2000, ethnic clashes in Gambela, and ongoing Ethiopian military counterinsurgency in Somali region; most IDPs are in Tigray and Gambela Provinces) (2007)
Illicit drugs:transit hub for heroin originating in Southwest and Southeast Asia and destined for Europe, as well as cocaine destined for markets in southern Africa; cultivates qat (khat) for local use and regional export, principally to Djibouti and Somalia (legal in all three countries); the lack of a well-developed financial system limits the country's utility as a money laundering center.
Major Ethiopian Laws
Homosexuality and lgbt laws in Ethiopia
It is truly unbelievable how the time goes by, it has now been almost two months since i first rolled up my sleeves and set about to set up this site. During that period of monotonous self-deliberation and planning, i really had no idea what it would turn out to be like and how many visitors if any would come here. But a couple of days after i first clicked on the publish button, remarkable things began to happen. A lot has happened since and i thought i owe everyone a brief update.
As you are all aware, there are only a handful blogs and one or two individual
sites dedicated for the habesha LGBT community. Major deterrent to setting up one being state monitored internet connection and lack of privacy. This, one among many manifestations of lack of freedom of information in our society has always prohibited millions from acquiring crucial knowledge and putting forward any. Yes most have always kind of gotten by and probably will until who knows when but,for people like us' that is not always the case. Complete silence regarding burning issues of our community, for generations makes the need for easily and widely accessible medium imperative.
Being where i am and in real need of a medium of expressing my thoughts without having to worry about the repercussions ,there was no reason why i shouldn't do this. After all not very often do i come across people of my background, common interest & people that have gone through what I’ve had to go through...
It was a real challenge at first as my only disposable resources being a lifelong love for writing, average computing knowledge but with no reference point what so ever as to where to begin and what to envision.
A brief, life changing advice i came across in a self-help book some time ago but has always resonated in me whenever i thought something was unachieved gave me a stepping stone;
''Unite mentally and emotionally with the good you wish to embody and the creative powers of your subconscious will respond accordingly''
It never failed to work and this time was no exception!
According to stats from Google analytics, over eight 'hundreds of people had visited the site with an average stay of 260 sec and 34% staying over 6 minutes or longer in the first month. View number has more than tripled now and is evident in the amount of emails i get every day.
Individuals and even organizations of various back ground and from countries as far afield as japan and Indonesia have gotten in touch to offer their support and encouragement and i am absolutely delighted with how it all panned out.
I have had the obvious hate messages filled along with barrage of insults and accusations of spoiling the country's name. Mainly from stone hearted homophobes of Ethiopian and Eritrean origin but that is no surprise at all.
As for the reach,I would have liked for the proportion visitors from back home to be larger but given the accessibility challenges ,It is bound to be gradual.
Even though i have been rather tied up with other things and failed to moderate posts but hope to now do it all better timely. It is difficult to reply to all e-mails but i will also try to dedicate more time to do so. I do read all of them though.
Many thanks to all who reminded me to warn people not to post meeting places and such.
Also to everyone who has expressed their interest in the site and offered a helping hand.
I would also like to thank all other sites for posting a review about our site which helped get the word out thereby effectively replacing the need for AdSense which would not have been in my means and generating much needed traffic from north America and Australia.
Thank you all for taking your time to read this.
Wishing everyone a prosperous and happy new year 2011!
Jan 3rd, 2011
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Feedbacks post the face lift on the site have been overwhelming , specially regarding the back ground. I do prioritize visitors being able to read and browse through easily,over aesthetics and i am glad that every one is finding the new look easy on the eyes. In the last couple of months only minor updates have been published interms of content mostly in the news & the links page which now also has a paltalk chatroom
With summer coming up, there are several lgbt events taking place all across Europe and the US
and so i have tried to list a few some of which were pointed out by ዜጋ ሃበሾችህ hoping to attend and possibly meet የሃገር ልጅ. So far this year ,I my self along with my sweet love B.T have only attended one small pride which i found to be one fantabulous experience .
Besides all,my greatest accomplishment since last update is setting up a new blog subdomain which fortunately is still accessible in Ethiopia.fingers crossed it stays that way. Thanks for all who got in touch to let me know that the main blog(blogspot) is blocked in addis.I hope the new domain,though rather basic will still help solve the problem of getting content to all back home.
*As most of you may be aware, following the recent Gay hate Conference in Addis the subject of Homosexuality is once again a part of just about every habesha conversation both in actual day today interaction, as well as social media online. The first report came in the form of a not so surprisingly biased and blatantly homophobic article that omitted and distorted numerous facts, by a website based in Addis.
However, it was when a proper report was published by Pink news & Gaystar Gaypers both based here in the UK that word really got around.
My brief comment was included on the Article; http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2012/06/13/leaders-of-ethiopia-call-for-anti-gay-measures/ * http://www.gaystarnews.com/article/ethiopia-leaders-call-severe-penalties-against-gays-hate-meet130612 which was subsequently copied and re-published on several Ethiopian websites visited by millions fellow habeshas both at home and abroad.
Now, the inevitable which I didn’t really think would be much of a problem soon turned out to be one of the biggest challenges I’ve come across while running this site with my rather basic computing skills.
Thus, the mention of our domain name in the article has meant that the site was completely inundated with a flood of visitors leading it to crash several times. Just with in the last 5 days, it has been down more times and for longer than all the times it has been down since the launch.
All well … no amount of effort would matter if even one Habesha homophobe came here and had the slightest change of heart. But unfortunately the great majority of this traffic was undesirable gate crashers who go out of their way solely to impart their message of hate, animosity and bigotry.
Hence, I have sought the help of a friend who graciously spent his valuable time fixing up things to better stabilize the site and enable it withstand such instances in the future. For now, all interactive features like Comments and Guest book will be disabled temporarily.
Do get in touch via email to report any functionality issues.I will post any further updates in the coming weeks. Moreover, I hope to put up a Guide/Advice on how to browse safely and stay anonymous on-line while accessing the internet from within Ethiopia which some of you have requested following the beginning of Internet monitoring underway.Keep well and stay safe.